3. The Passion Week

TITLE:  The Passion Week

DATE:   4.9.2020

How have you felt not getting to go where you like the past couple of weeks? What if we can’t go out at all in the next few weeks? Would you become stir crazy? I think I would treasure the freedom I have at the moment if I was completely locked up in the future. Imagine if this time was not followed were by our resuming to a normal routine, but by your torture and death? How much more precious would these days be? Our lesson this week looks at the last week of Jesus' life on earth as a man.


Background to the Triumphal Entry

READ: Luke 19:11-13.

The parable of the ten talents (here, "minas") is familiar to most of us. A king gives money to his servants, tells them to invest it, and when he returns asks them about their investments.

1. Why did Jesus decide to tell this parable at this time? (Look at verse 11)

2. Why is the story of the ten talents appropriate to that concern?

The rest of you know that two of the three servants report putting the king's money to work and getting a good return. One servant just hides the money and gives it back. When the king returns, he rebukes the one servant, takes his money back, and gives it to the most productive servant.

READ: Luke 19:26-27.

Did you remember this story? I'll bet that even those who know this story well, did not remember the statement in verse 27!

3. What is the point of this parable?

4. If you thought Jesus was about to set up His kingdom here on earth, what would you conclude based on His statement in verse 27?

Triumphal Entry

With this background in mind, let's get to Jesus' "triumphal entry."

READ: Luke 19:28-32.

5. If you were one of the disciples who was sent ahead, what would you think when you found the colt just as Jesus had said?

READ: Luke 19:33-36.

CONTEMPLATE: Why would the people throw their coats of the road for the colt to step on? Would you do this with your new coat?

READ: Matthew 21:4-5.

I think the people understood that Jesus riding the colt showed He was coming to Jerusalem as King. See also 1 Kings 1:37-39. They threw their coats on the ground to give a proper path for the new King! See 2 Kings 9:13)

READ: Luke 19:37-38.

6. What were the people saying? What were they thinking?

READ: Psalms 118:26-27.

7. Would the people have had this prophecy in mind? If so, what would it tell them?

READ: Matthew 21:4-5

Matthew's account adds another detail.

8. What does Matthew say is going on here? What verdict does this evidence demand?

READ: Zechariah 9:8-10

Put together all of the evidence we have studied. The parable that ends with the killing of the enemies of the king. Jesus' supernatural knowledge of the colt. His claim to be entitled to use the colt. The specific fulfillment of Messianic prophecy about the liberation of Israel and world peace.

Is there any dark spot in this evidence? That stuff about the "delay" in the story of the talents.

READ: Luke 19:39-40.

9. Were the people just getting carried away? Were they engaging in unauthorized celebrations?

Were they acting contrary to Jesus' will?

You know the end of the story. What is Jesus doing? How does this make any sense? Why were not the Pharisees right in asking Jesus to rebuke the crowd? Why was Jesus allowing the crowd to get "revved up" for nothing? (Jesus was doing three things. First, He was clearly staking His claim to be King. Second, if you read texts like John 7:30, we see that Jesus had not been killed earlier because "His time had not yet come." The time had now come. As the Bible Exposition Commentary points out, the Jewish leaders planned on killing Jesus after Passover (Matthew 26:3-5), but God had ordained that the "Lamb of God" would be killed on Passover. Thus, Jesus was forcing the hand of the Jewish leaders with this celebration. Finally, the peace prophecy in Zechariah 9 envisioned God's people accepting Him. They did not. As a result, peace, was not in their future.)


The Beginning of the End

READ: Luke 19:41-44.

10. Why did Jesus say that Jerusalem would be facing destruction instead of peace?

11. If the Jewish nation had accepted Jesus would things have been different?

READ: Luke 19:45-46.

12. What is beginning to happen here? How is Jesus' role beginning to change? Is this a warning to

us? If we reject Jesus, will we face judgment?

READ: Luke 19:47-48.

13. If the lines are beginning to be drawn, and Jerusalem is on the wrong side of the line, how do you explain the fact that "all the people" at the temple "hung on [Jesus'] words?"


The Combat Strategy

READ: John 13:2-5.

14. What was the extent of Jesus' power and authority at this time?

When you have just been given power and authority, what do you do with it? What did Jesus do with His power and authority?

READ: John 13:6-8.

Isn't Peter right? King Jesus should not be washing feet! Jesus says that "later" they will understand. Explain how you understand Jesus' statement that “unless Peter gets his feet washed, he has no part with Jesus?”

READ: 1 Peter 3:20-22.

The cleansing of water symbolizes Jesus cleansing of our sins.

READ: John 13:12-17.

15. What other lesson was Jesus teaching His disciples?

How does this fit the "death to the enemies of the king" line of Luke 19:27?

READ: John 13:1.

16. What is the full extent of Jesus' love?

Is serving others your idea of a "good time" for those last few hours of the weekend or your vacation?



READ: Luke 22:39-42.

17. What was Jesus facing?

18. What was His concern for His disciples? (Jesus was praying for them!)

19. Describe Jesus' attitude about His coming torture and death?

READ: Luke 22:45.

20. Why were the disciples asleep?

21. "Sorrow" about what?



1. The people thought that Jesus was going to set up His kingdom here on earth at this time.

2. We know now that Jesus was not going to set up His kingdom right then. So, the lesson is that

they should be productive until the time of His return.

3. If you are simply lazy, and do not work for the king, you will lose all that you have been given. If

you are hostile to the king, you will be killed.

4. That those who opposed Him were going to die.

5. The idea would be reinforced that this was no ordinary man. He could not only tell the future, but

He had authority to claim private property.

6. They thought the Messiah was at hand. It was the day they had waited for their entire life!

7. Jesus was the long-awaited Messiah!

8. The hopes and dreams of Israel are being fulfilled right now. This is the day!

9. No. Again the only logical conclusion is that supernatural power attended this celebration. All

nature was about to break out in song.

10. They did not recognize Him.

11. Jesus says, Luke 19:42, that they could have known what would bring them peace. What they

refused to know was Jesus.

12. Judgment is beginning to fall on Jerusalem and the temple.

13. Amos has this picture of the possibility of being a "burning stick snatched from the fire." Amos

4:11. Jesus holds out His hand to each individual who will accept Him.

14. God had put all things under Jesus' power.

15. He was teaching them an attitude of service.

16. I imagine this points to Jesus' death on our behalf. But, the immediate context is that Jesus

shows His love to us by teaching us to have the right attitude towards our fellow Christians.

17. He had now come right up to the time of His arrest, torture and murder.

18. Jesus was praying for them!

19. He wanted to avoid this, but He was willing to submit His will to the will of the Father. It was a

servant attitude.

20. They were exhausted by sorrow.

21. Probably not simply the death of Jesus, but the death of their hope that He was about to become


How about you? Are you alert to your responsibilities while we wait our coming King? Are you performing your duties with a servant's attitude? Have you submitted your will to God's will? It is not too late to decide to follow Jesus!

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