2. Jesus and the Sanctuary

TITLE:   Lesson 2 Jesus and the Sanctuary

TEXT:    Leviticus 4 Hebrews 9-10 Isaiah 53

DATE:   4.1.2020

Introduction: Consider one of the main arguments against Jesus being God. He was born to an obscure couple, raised in a disreputable village, and died at an early age as a criminal. For the uneducated, this is not a resume that would seem to put you on the fast track to being a hero of history, much less being God. It is the qualifier "uneducated" that is so important here. For thousands of years, God had been trying to educate humans that the Messiah was coming to die.

Addressing the Sin Problem: Symbolically.

Read Leviticus 4:22

Have you heard the expression, "ignorance of the law is no excuse?"

1. How does that apply to God's law?

Read Leviticus 4:23

2. Does this next verse modify the conclusion we just reached about being guilty of sin even though we have

no intent?

3What is God's solution to the problem of those leaders who sin?

Read Leviticus 4:25-26

4. What else is required for forgiveness?

Read Leviticus 4:27-31

5. How are the sins of the average person forgiven? Contemplate these questions: Did you notice that all these texts refer to "unintentional" sin? How does that make you feel? Is it possible that God set up a plan for forgiveness of unintentional sins only?

Read Leviticus 5:1. and Read Leviticus 6:1-3.

6. Are these unintentional sins?

Read Leviticus 6:4-7.

7. What must you do to be forgiven of intentional sins? What do you think about the 20% sin

penalty? Why do you think God imposes it?

Read Leviticus 17:10-12.

8. What role does blood play in the sanctuary sacrificial system?

Addressing the Sin Problem: the Reality.

Read Hebrews 9:19-28.

9. What role does Hebrews say that the shedding of blood plays in the forgiveness of sin? What was

the difference between animals blood sacrifice and Jesus’ blood sacrifice?

Addressing the Sin Problem: the Logic.

Although the nature of Jesus' death was foretold thousands of years in advance, explain logically why Jesus' death was required for the forgiveness of sin?

Look again at Hebrews 9:26It says in part, "to do away with sin by the sacrifice of Himself." Hebrews 9:28 says in part, "Christ was sacrificed once to take away the sins of many people." (Jesus' sacrifice takes away our sins.)

10. We can see the statement that Jesus' sacrifice takes away our sins. But, tell me the reason why

should that be true?

Although you should read the entire chapter of Isaiah 53, let's focus on Isaiah 53:1-5.

11. Who is Isaiah writing about?

12. As you consider these verses, do they describe power, beauty or authority?

Isaiah 53:1 calls the message of these verses the "arm of the Lord."

13. To what does the arm of the Lord refer?

14. How can this picture which lacks beauty, power or authority be referred to as the power of God?



1. The text says that leaders are guilty even of unintentional sins. You do not need to have intent to be guilty

of sin.

2. NO

3. Perhaps this is just a rule of commonsense. But, it seems to indicate that we have no obligation to seek

forgiveness of sin until we become aware that what we are doing violates God's law.

4. Once you became aware of your sin, you had to make a sin offering to God by sacrificing a male goat. The

background for this is in Exodus. In Exodus chapters 25-27, God gives Moses the instructions for building a

sanctuary (temple) so that God can dwell with humans. Exodus 25:8. In Exodus chapters 28-30, God sets

up a priesthood and a system of sacrifices for this sanctuary. When Leviticus 4:25-26 refers to the "horns of

the altar of burnt offering" and the "priest," those hearing the instructions would know it referred to the

sanctuary system God had set up in Exodus. Thus, the forgiveness of sin required not simply the sacrifice of

an animal, but the blood of the sacrifice being applied at the sanctuary in the proper way by the designated


5. The same way as the sins of the leaders are forgiven. Only the specifications for the animal is different.

6. These are clearly intentional sins.

7. It requires the death of an animal, as with unintentional sins. To deter sin.

8Leviticus 17:11 tells us that the "life" is in the blood, and it is the blood which atones for our sins. Atones

means to cover, so animals blood atones for sin, so why is restitution required for intentional sins involving

property? (Like "works," today, it reveals the attitude of the heart.)

9. Warren Wiersbe explains: Animal sacrifices could never completely deal with human guilt. God did

promise forgiveness to believing worshipers (Lev. 4:20, 26, 31, 35), but this was a judicial forgiveness and

not the removal of guilt from people’s hearts. People lacked that inward witness of full and final forgiveness.

They could not claim, “I have no more consciousness of sins.” If those worshipers had been “once purged

[from guilt of sin]” they would never again have had to offer another sacrifice. So the annual Day of

Atonement did not accomplish “remission of sin” but only “reminder of sin.” The annual repetition of the

ceremony was evidence that the previous year’s sacrifices had not done the job. True, the nation’s sins were

covered; but they were not cleansed. Nor did the people have God’s inward witness of forgiveness and

acceptance. Yes, there was a desperate need for a better sacrifice because the blood of bulls and of goats

could not take away sins. It could cover sin and postpone judgment; but it could never effect a once-and-for-

all redemption. Only the better sacrifice of the Son of God could do that.

10. The logic of this has always been difficult for me. We start out with the rule that sin causes death.

(Genesis 2:15-17.) Thus, those who sin, die - that makes logical sense. The only logic I see to Jesus' death

is a very simple concept. Jesus agreed to suffer the death penalty in our place. He agreed to die for us. God

is the one who is offended by sin. Thus, it would be God who has agreed to this. Assume you are with me

on the logic of Jesus' dying in our place. Why was it necessary for Jesus to live a perfect life? Two

suggestions. First, if Jesus had sinned, then He would have had to die for His own sin. He could offer to be

our substitute only because He was not under a sentence of death. Second, this whole "sin results in death"

concept would not be “just” if humans had no choice but to sin. Jesus shows that Adam and Eve had a

choice. Jesus shows that God's command to the first couple to obey His law was both reasonable and

possible. Thus, in Jesus' life we see both a vindication of the law of God and the payment of the penalty of

sin which humans brought on themselves.

11. This is a prophecy of Jesus.

12. No.

13. God's power. God's muscle.

14. This is part of God's logic. His "power" comes through self-sacrifice. He wins against sin by giving Himself

up to benefit others.

Have you tried to apply this principle to your life? This is extraordinary evidence that Jesus is the Messiah. However, the logic of this teaches us an important lesson about life. Have you felt the power of self-sacrifice?




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